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Test pilots put tech in motion
飞机试飞员的故事

Lawrence Clousing and P-80 - Chuck Yeager and X-1A - Cowboy Joe

劳伦斯Clousing和P - 80 - 查克耶格尔和X - 1A型 - 牛仔乔

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发布日期: 2010-07-05
Lawrence Clousing and P-80 | 劳伦斯Clousing和P - 80
劳伦斯Clousing和P - 80 飞机试飞员的故事
这从1948年Clousing成为洛克希德的P - 80射击之星,早期喷气式战斗机的设计,得到了从莫菲特场测试飞行表演形象。据美国空军国家博物馆,原来的XP - 80的设计和建造在短短143天,在第二次世界大战中,它成为第一个美国飞机作出持续,水平飞行,在比500英里每小时。
This image from 1948 shows Clousing getting into a Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star, an early jet fighter design, for a test flight from Moffett Field. According to the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, the original XP-80 was designed and built in just 143 days during the middle of World War II, and it became the first American aircraft to make a sustained, level flight at better than 500 miles per hour.
Chuck Yeager and X-1A | 查克耶格尔和X - 1A型
查克耶格尔和X - 1A型 飞机试飞员的故事
根据飞行委员会,查克耶格尔美国百年只是想成为一个机械师,他进入陆军航空部队的高中出来了。但此后不久,与二战进行得如火如荼,他获得了翅膀,然后在战后成为一个维修人员 - 一份工作,参与飞行试验的飞机。 

到1947年,服务于默克在美国加州空军基地(后来成为爱德华兹空军基地),他是一个真正的试飞员,和公正的时候了壮观的机会 - 有机会成为第一个驾驶飞机的人更快比音速。那年10月14日,他完成了这一壮举,悬挂火箭动力的X - 1飞机过去马赫之一。这张照片显示耶格尔约6年后,随着更强大的X - 1A型,他飞到了当时的纪录2.4马赫。
According to the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, Chuck Yeager just wanted to be a mechanic when he entered the Army Air Forces right out of high school. But not long thereafter, with World War II in full swing, he earned his wings, and then after the war became a maintenance officer--a job that involved flight-testing airplanes.

By 1947, serving at Muroc Air Base in California (it later became Edwards Air Force Base), he was a bona fide test pilot, and just in time for a spectacular opportunity--the chance to be the first person to fly a plane faster than the speed of sound. On October 14 of that year, he accomplished that feat, flying the rocket-powered X-1 aircraft past Mach One. This photo shows Yeager about six years later, with the even more powerful X-1A, which he flew to a then-record Mach 2.4.
Cowboy Joe | 牛仔乔
牛仔乔 飞机试飞员的故事
1955年,沃克的NACA试飞员乔牛仔在对一个X - 1A型座舱。她的X - 1版本是专为在2马赫以上的研究飞行,飞行高度超过9英尺。
In 1955, NACA test pilot Joe Walker cowboys up in the cockpit of an X-1A. That version of the X-1 was designed for research flights at Mach 2 and above, and at altitudes exceeding 90,000 feet.
Joe Walker and X-1E | 乔沃克和X - 1E中
乔沃克和X - 1E中 飞机试飞员的故事
现在,我们看到在1958年沃克在早期局部压力服,服装设计,以保护飞行员,如果他们失去了在那里的低气压造成了严重威胁健康高空座舱压力。他站在旁边的X - 1E中的NACA在高速飞行站爱德华兹空军基地(现在的德莱顿飞行研究中心)在南加州。 

 1960年,沃克将作出什么现在美国宇航局的X - 15,对所有的X - 1飞机最重要的第一次飞行。在接下来的几年里,他将飞往X - 15的飞机到5.92马赫(每小时4100只以上英里)和拟订一项三五四三〇〇英尺(67英里)的高空。
Now we see Walker in 1958 in an early partial-pressure suit, apparel designed to protect pilots if they lost cockpit pressure at high altitudes where the low air pressure poses a severe threat to health. He's standing beside an X-1E at the NACA High-Speed Flight Station (now the Dryden Flight Research Center) at Edwards Air Force Base in Southern California.

In 1960, Walker would make the first flight for what was now NASA in the X-15, one of the most significant of all the X-Planes. Within the next several years, he would fly X-15 aircraft to Mach 5.92 (just above 4,100 miles per hour) and to an altitude of 354,300 feet (67 miles).
Neil Armstrong | 尼尔阿姆斯特朗
尼尔阿姆斯特朗 飞机试飞员的故事
你知道他更好地为人类第一次踏上了月球表面,但在1960年,尼尔阿姆斯特朗是美国航空航天局的试飞员。在这里,经过研究飞行,在于他对第一个X - 15的鼻子,一个50英尺长的火箭动力飞机的他的手。
You know him better as the first human to step onto the surface of the moon, but in 1960, Neil Armstrong was a test pilot for NASA. Here, after a research flight, he rests his hand on the nose of the first X-15, a 50-foot-long rocket-powered aircraft.